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Proto-Southern-Gigxkpoyan
Kĩxpu jỹxpãpa
PSG
Pronunciation /kĩxpu jỹxpɒ̃pɒ/
Period 10~7k BK
Spoken in SE Amalan
Total speakers Unknown
Writing system none
Classification Gigxkpoyan
Typology
Basic word order VSO
Morphology Very hard to tell
Alignment Nom-Dech
Credits
Created by loglorn

PhonologyEdit

Vowels Edit

Reconstructed Vowel Qualities
Front Central Back
High /i/ i /ɨ/ y /u/ u
Mid /e/ e /ə/ ə /o/ o
Low /æ/ æ /ɒ/ a

All Vowels can be nasalized.

Consonants Edit

Reconstructed Consonantal Phonemes
Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal /m/ m /n/ n /ɲ/ ni
Plosive /p p'/ p p' /t t'/ t t' /t͡ʃ t͡ʃ'/ c c' /k k'/ k k' /ʔ/ q
Fricative /ɸ β/ f v /s z/ s z /ʃ ʒ/ sh zh /x ɣ/ x rr /h/ h
Approximant /w/ w /ɹ ɺ/ r l /j/ j

Stress Edit

It can be reconstructed that stress could be only in the three last syllables of the word, It was normally penultimate unless either the ultimate or the antepenultimate was a heavy syllable (i.e. had coda consonants). If both the ultimate and the antepenultimate where heavy (and the penultimate wasn't) the antepenultimate was preferred.

To clarify (H stands for heavy and L for light, " marks the stress)

All light syllables, penultimate is stressed

L"LL

If the penultimate is heavy it will always be stressed

H"HH

In the case it wasn't heavy, other syllables could receive the stress:

"HLL

LL"H

If both the antepenultimate and the ultimate syllable were heavy, stress felt on the antepenultimate.

"HLH

Interestingly, nasal vowels make a syllable heavy, even when open.

NounsEdit

CaseEdit

PSG had 6 cases: Nominative, Accusative, Instrumental, Genitive, Locative and Lative.

Cases
Nominative Zero marked
Accusative May be marked by vowel alternations
Instrumental pjus-
Genitive jĩ-
Locative sxat'-
Lative tos-

The AccusativeEdit

Vowels are fronted to form the accusative.

y → i

u, o, ə → e

a → æ

It works the same with nasalized vowels.

Low animacy nouns may have i, e or æ in both the nominative and the accusative, therefore not distinguishing them.

PrepositionsEdit

Some prepositions also exist (xnuhsh, kỹh, ju, p'ã, cõ; for example). These interact with different case forms to express different shades of meaning,

ClassifiersEdit

DefinitenessEdit

Definiteness can be expressed with the definite article ə̃pi.

Verbs Edit

WIP~

AdjectivesEdit

WIP~

SyntaxEdit

WIP~

Sample LexiconEdit

WIP~