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Phonology Edit

Sound changes from Proto-Arhoan Edit

  • voicing lenition only between vowels (but not after sonorants)
  • /h/ cause aspirated articulation of neighbouring plosives and fricatives
  • original /h/ disappeared in all positions after this
  • /ɾ/ shifted to trilled /r/
  • /ʋ/ preserved
  • /e ɛ/ before vowels shifted to /j/
  • short /e o/ merged with /ɛ ɔ/
  • /ɨ ɨː/ merged with /i iː/
  • voiced plosives deplosivized:

b d g → β ð ɣ

Phonemic inventory Edit

Consonants Edit


Labial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal *m m


*n n



Plosive *p pʰ p ph


*t tʰ t th


*k kʰ k kh
Fricative

b

*f f d *s z s z


g

Trill *r r
Approximant


v

*j j


Vowels Edit


Front Central Back
High *i *i: i í


*u *u: u ú
Mid-High *e: é *o: ó
Mid-Low e o
Low

*a aː a á

Diphthongs Edit


Front Central Back

High

ɛi ɔi äi ɛu ɔu au
Mid-Low ɔɛ äɛ ɛɔ aɔ
Low ɛa ɔa

Edit