| Proto-ǂaa Uteq |
|Period||ca. 10000 BK|
|Spoken in||Eastern Amutet|
|Basic word order||VSO|
The reconstructed phonology of Proto-ǂaa Uteq is given below.
What the exact phonetic realizations of *s₁ and *s₂ were is a matter of debate; given their various reflexes in the languages that developed out of Proto-ǂaa Uteq, all that can reasonably be said about them is that they were most likely some sort of alveolar consonants, most likely sibilants. The situation is similar with the phonemes *x₁ and *x₂, except the evidence indicates they were most likely dorsals or gutturals.
|Stops||*b||*t *d||*k *g||*q||*ʔ|
|Fricatives||*s₁ *s₂||*x₁ *x₂|
It appears that Proto-ǂaa Uteq was a (C)V(C) language. Clicks could only appear word-initially.
A noun-classification system is believed to have been present in Proto-ǂaa Uteq. A list of reconstructed classifiers is given below.
|*ŋəx₁||small round or circular object|
|*an||long or thin object|
|*s₂is₁||large island, peninsula, isthmus, across long span of water|
|*ǀas₁||animal larger than a human|
|*du||human-size animal or smaller|
|*ŋuq||object in the sky (both weather and space)|
|*x₂os₂||pile, stack, heap, coil|
Alignment in Proto-ǂaa Uteq seems to have followed a sort of Philippine schema.
Verbs took a verbal suffix that determined what the "trigger" was in the phrases they governed.
Nouns took suffixes in a five-case system: Direct, ergative, accusative, locative, and prepositional. They also declined for five numbers.
One notable reconstructed form for Proto-ǂaa Uteq is that of the adverbializer *u. When preposed to an undeclined verb or to a numeral, it would turn the phrase into an adverb (*u ǁao "quickly", *u dani "twice").