| Continental Uraki |
|Spoken in||Port Eastsand|
|Writing system||Amutetikam alphabet|
South Fish River
|Basic word order||SVO/VSO|
Although not endangered, Continental Uraki is heavily influenced by the Eastsandish language, which is an Amutetikam Language, and it also borrowed many vocabularies from Amutetikam Languages, and many Continental Uraki speakers are also bilingual in an Amutetikam Language, especially Eastsandish.
Also, due to the influence of Amutetikam Languages, there is a tendency to shift the word order to VSO, and both of the SVO order and the VSO order are considered as basic word orders in Continental Uraki.
Continental Uraki is believed to be evolved from Classical Uraki, but due to the influence of the kingdom of 'Agjʊlεkh, Continental Uraki is written in scripts derived from those used by Amutetikam Languages, rather than a script derived from Utayri Nanarulamut, the script of other Uraki languages like Modern Uraki, and due to sound changes and lexical differences, Continental Uraki is not mutually intelligible with Modern Uraki.
Unlike Classical Uraki and Modern Uraki, Continental Uraki uses the preposition al("at", from classical Uraki at) when the object is an animate noun:
- nan n-ek tɕal al nahan-xa? - Q 2.SG-see 2.SG ACC friend-1.SG - Did you see my friend?
- nan n-ek tɕal hana:-xa? - Q 2.SG-see 2.SG knife-1.SG - Did you see my friend?
Note that in the first sentence, where the direct object is animate, the direct object is preceded by the preposition al; while in the second sentence, where the direct object is inanimate, the direct object is NOT preceded by the preposition al. Due to the use of al for direct objects, Continental Uraki is considered to be a language with differential object marking(DOM)
Continental Uraki has personal agreements for subjects and direct objects, the prefixes for subjects and direct objects look the same, and direct object prefixes precede subject prefixes:
- 1.SG: x-(for roots starting with a vowel)/xa-(for roots containing a light vowel)/xʌ-(for roots containing a heavy vowel)
- 2.SG: n-(for roots starting with a vowel)/na-(for roots containing a light vowel)/nʌ-(for roots containing a heavy vowel)
- 1.PL: xɛ(j)-(for roots containing a light vowel)/xe(j)-(for roots containing a heavy vowel)
- 2.PL: nɛ(j)-(for roots containing a light vowel)/ne(j)-(for roots containing a heavy vowel)
- 3.PL: tɕɛ(j)-(for roots containing a light vowel)/tɕe(j)-(for roots containing a heavy vowel)
- reflexive: s-(for roots starting with a vowel)/so-(for roots containing a light vowel)/su-(for roots containing a heavy vowel)
- 1st sg: tɕam
- 2nd sg: tɕal
- 3rd sg: a
- 1st pl: xe(exclusive)/xʌle(inclusive)
- 2nd pl: ne
- 3rd pl: ɛtɕɛ
- refl: su
- who: mɛ
- what: ma
- this: ʌme
- that: atɕa
- the: tɕa(definite article, also used to start the relative clause)
- at/in/on: al
- to: am
- from: ak
- with/and: ap
- using: ʌlek
- for/because: ʌluk
- through: ʌde