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Ancient Zara is a Nautli language, that was once spoken in the north-eastern part of the Nautli island. It is a direct descendant of Proto-Nautli.

Ancient Zana
Zana
Zanaarea
Pronunciation [zɐnɐ]
Period 6000BK-4000BK
Spoken in north-eastern part of Naulti Island
Total speakers Ancient Zana people
Writing system none
Classification Nautli Languages
Typology
Basic word order Unknown
Morphology agglutinating/fusional
Alignment nom-acc
Credits
Created by Creyeditor

PhonologyEdit

The status of the phonemes in brackets is unsure. The orthography is shown in angle brackts. Ancient Zana has lost many dinstinctions that were made in Proto-Nautli. There is neither pharyngealization, nor labialization, nor are there any more retroflex consonants. The loss of these distinctions had effects on the development of the vowels.

Consonant Phoneme Inventory of Ancient Zana
Labial Alveolar Velar Glottal
Plosives p t k
Nasals n ŋ ⟨ng⟩
Voiceless fricatives s (x) (h)
Voiced fricatives z
Approximants l (w ⟨v⟩)

The tense lax-distinction is important for the vowel harmony of this languages. There are two graphemes for each of the two mid back vowels to represent the etymology from Late Pre-Ancient Zana, which had low back vowels.

Vowel Phoneme Inventory of Ancient Zana
Front Central Back
High tense i ⟨í⟩ u ⟨ú⟩
High lax ɪ ⟨i⟩ ʊ  ⟨u⟩
Mid tense e ⟨é⟩ o ⟨ó⟩/⟨ô⟩
Mid lax ɛ ⟨e⟩ ɔ ⟨o⟩/⟨ò⟩
Low tense a ⟨á⟩
Low lax ɐ ⟨a⟩

MorphologyEdit

NounsEdit

Dual and Collective number were mostly lost, as were most of the locative cases. The inessive case however developed into a general locative case and the allative case into a dative case. This results in the following noun morphology:

Noun Declension of Ancient Zana
Singular Plural
Nominative -∅ -Ok / -nOk
Accusative -I / -l -Ol / -nOl
Instrumental -IkE / -kE -OnkE / -nkE
Genitive -UI / -pUI -U / -v
Dative -IzE / -zE -OkizE / -nOkIzE
Locative -lU /-Cu -OklU / -nOklU

Capital letters represente archiphonemes unspecified for tenseness and C is a consonant copied from the stem final consonant. Where there are two suffixes, the left one is used after consonants, and the right one is used after vowels. Here is an example:

Declension of <lázín> 'cat'
Lázín 'cat' Singular Plural
Nominative Lázín Lázínók
Accusative Lázíní Lázínól
Instrumental Lázíníké Lázínké
Genitive Lázínúl Lázínú
Dative Lázínízé Lázínókízé
Locative Lázínínnú Lázínóklú

As you can see there are some morphophonological processes, which will be descibed somewhere else.

LexikonEdit

cat - PN: *lxejeen - lázín

girl - PN: *jăngvi 'daughter' - zangu

disease - PN: *qong 'death' - áng

dog - PN: *jikvò - ziko

hand - PN: *pèlik 'finger' - pelik

freeze - PN: *neen - nín

arm - PN: *vèstu 'hand' - ostu

chief - PN: *vòqvă 'head' - oò

intelect; center, core - PN: *qvikăh 'heart' - oka

weed - PN: *nxaroo 'grass' - nálú

language - PN: *jănxă - zana

to know - PN: *hèjă 'to see' - eza

day - PN: *nxasx 'sun' - nas

sky - PN: *srajako - sázákó

wife - PN: *engva - éngô

river; rain - PN: *paleeng 'water' - pálíng

lizard - PN: *ratxa - látá

husband - PN: *pxahtan 'man' - patan