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Ancient Jànà is a Nautli Language that was once spoken in the eastern part of Nautli Island. It is a direct descendant of Proto-Nautli and was very close related to Ancient Zara, they might have formed a dialect continuum.

Phonology Edit

Ancient Jànà has had a lot of sound shifts compared to Proto-Nautli:

[ɮ] changed to [l] before and after [i ɪ e ɛ] and to [t͡ʃ] everywhere else

[kʷ ŋʷ] changed to [w] word-initial

[ʕʷ] and [ʕ] merged to [ʕ]

[ɻʷ] changed to [lo̯] or [lɔ̯]

[pˤ tˤ nˤ sˤ] --> [p t n s] in auslaut, [b d n z] in anlaut

[p t k] -> [f s x] in lax-voweled words, except after consonants

[p] -> [m] in auslaut

[lˤ] stays everywhere except before [i]: [ɫ]

[h] --> [ʔ]

[ʂ] --> [ʃʲ] in anlaut, [ʃ] in auslaut

[s] --> [ʃ] in auslaut

Sequences Stop-Approximant or Nasal-Approximant are separated by [a] or [ɐ]

Some lax vowels change to diphtongs

[ɛ] -> [ɛɪ] [ɪ] -> [aɪ] [ɔ] -> [ɔʊ]

[n] in auslaut: [n] is dropped

[ʈ] + [u ʊ o ɔ]: [ʈ] --> [t]

[ʈ] + [e ɛ i ɪ]: [ʈ] --> [c]

[ɻ] --> [ɹ]

Consonant phoneme inventory of Ancient Jànà

Labial/Dental Alveolar/Palatal Velar/Retroflex Pharyngeal Glottal
Stops p <p> b <b> t <t> d <d> c <ty>

t͡ʃ <j>

k <k>
ʔ <h>
Nasals m <m> n <n> ŋ ⟨ng⟩


Fricatives

f <f>

s <s> z <z>

ʃ <sh> ʃʲ <sy>

x <x>
ʕ <q>

Approximants

l <l> ɹ <r> w <w>

Ancient Jànà kept the tense-lax vowel harmony, but some lax vowels changed into diphtongs.

Ancient Jànà Vowel Invenory

Front Central Back
High i <i>

aɪ <ai>

ʊ <ù> u <u>
Tense mid e ⟨e⟩ o ⟨o⟩
Lax mid ɛɪ ⟨è⟩ ɔʊ ⟨au⟩
Low a <a> ɐ <à>

Stress is either on the ultimate syllable or on the penultimate syllable. It is not indicated and so it's hard to predict.

Morphology Edit

WIP

Vocabulary Edit

English

Proto-Nautli

Ancient Jàrà

Ancient Zara

cat

lxejeen

lxeli

lázin

daughter

jăngvi

jàngàvei

zangu

death

qong

qong

áng

dog

jikvò

liwau

ziko

finger

pèlik

feilaix

mèlik (hand)

freeze

neen

ni

nín

hand

vèstu

weishtu

ostu (arm)

head

vòqvă

vauqà

oó (chief)

heart

qvikăh

qixah

oka (intellect)

grass

nxaroo

naroo

nálú

language

jănxă

jànà

zana

to see

hèjă

heilà

eza (to know)

day

nxasx

nas

nas

sky

srajako

syajako

sázákó

wife

engva

engava

éngô

water

paleeng

paleeng

pálíng

lizard

ratxa

rada

látá

man

pxahtan

paxta

patan

leaf

ngveela

weela

?

run away

joontee

jootee


you

kvò

wau


to go

in

i


tree

tònkvò

sòwò


to be friendly

kăvă

sàwà